Portland Museum Takes a Look Back at some of the most devastating fires in history

Posted on Posted in History

The fire has been a dangerous enemy of the humans since it has been discovered. There are plenty of benefits of fire that we cannot deny but we’ve suffered so many times due to this dangerous element that we can’t even forget.

Portland Museum has created a department where it is storing all the important events that took place in the history. The purpose behind creating this specific department is collecting all the information into one place so that people may gather knowledge according to their needs. In this section, we’ll store all the remarkable events that took place in the past decades.

We’ll not only collect information about the devastating events but we’ll also collect information about the events that belong to the nation’s pride. However, today’s focus is on a devastating issue where we’ll discuss some of the most devastating fires.

The great Chicago Fire 1871

This fire started just because of a small fire that was ignited in a bar and just in the next two days it destroyed the $220 million assets. Around 3.3 square miles of the Windy city were destroyed.

The Chicago fire departments responded swiftly but they couldn’t reach the correct location due to the watchman’s mistake. Therefore, the fire grew bigger and destroyed and many houses and killed lots of people.

9/11/2001 the worst day ever

9/11/2001 was the worst day in American history when two jets collapsed into the world trade center and Pentagon and a huge fire took place. Both the jets were hacked by the terrorists. The terrorists had complete knowledge of flying a jet. So, they brought the jets to both the buildings and collapsed them into the greatest buildings of America.

The American history will never forget that devastating fire that took place after these jets collapsed into the buildings. Everyone lost someone during this breath-taking incident. Every fire watch company tried its best to control the fire but the fire grew bigger and bigger and nobody could control it properly.

Finally, the fire went so higher that it destroyed both the buildings and it took many lives with it. Many people lost their loved ones during this incident and a lot of people were injured as the debris from both the buildings went to several miles. That was the worst day for the nation and we wish that such kind of incident never happens again.

2007 California Wildfires

This was one of worst fire incidents that took place in the history. It was so much bigger that it could be seen from the space. It destroyed almost 1,000 acres of the land from Santa Barbara County down to the U.S Californian Border. Around 40 people died during this incident and many others were injured due to the fire.

Most of the people were forced to leave their homes due to this devastating fire. In order to assist the state and local efforts, President George W.Bush called for federal aid.

The history and evolution of kayaks over the years

Posted on Posted in History

The word Kayak denotes “hunters’ boar. There is no clarity with regards to the birth of the kayak, but the Aleutian and Inuit people (previously known as Eskimos) are believed to have propagated the rise of the kayak over thousands of years ago. This article explores the evolution and history of kayaks right from the original inventions to the modern day kayaks.

The early kayaks (Aleutian kayaks)

These kayaks comprised a wood frame that was endowed with a sealskin deck. The deck was then enhanced with spray skirts made of animal skin. The spray skirts were sewn on the deck with braided sinew. This was done for two main reasons. One of the reasons was to ensure the chilly Arctic water did not gain entry into the cabin. The other reason was to guarantee proper insulation of the rider.

These early kayaks had air filled seal bladders and were virtually unsinkable. The Aleutian kayaks were also designed in a manner that ensured they were quiet and swift at the same time They were primarily used for fishing and hunting during the summer season.

The folding kayaks

When Europeans learnt kayaks were very versatility, they modified the Aleutian kayaks. They made them using fabric covers as opposed to wood frames. A design for a folding canvas kayak lead to the invention of a kayak known as “foldboat.” This lead to the use of kayaks for sporting activities. For instance, kayak racing was integrated into the Berlin Olympic Games in 1936. Kayak clubs also blossomed in many parts of Europe hence kayaks started gaining popularity.

 

Fiberglass kayaks

In the 1950s, kayaks witnessed structural evolution leading to the invention of fiberglass kayaks. The pioneer fiberglass kayak (“Anas Acute”) was made by Valley Products Company. The company also made another kayak “Nordkapp” which had the power to hold more cargo while assuring maneuverability.

Plastic and polyethylene kayaks

The period between the late 1970s and early 1980s witnessed the creation of roto-molded polyethylene kayaks. This manufacturing process facilitated mass production of kayas (poly boats) at a low cost. The pioneer plastic kayaks were introduced in the early 1980s. This invention has continued to give builders the determination to make more durable, light weight and versatile kayaks similar to the Fissot kayak.

Evolution of Kayaks based on construction materials and performance features

As the kayaks continued to evolve, the construction materials become more advanced and so did performance features. Builders now use materials such as fiberglass, carbon-fiber and Kevlar. These materials make the kayaks sturdier and more appealing in design. In terms of performance features, kayaks now have

1. Modifiable thigh braces, seats which offer comfort and control.

2. Modifiable foot braces for adaptable fit range.

3. Deck rigging that enhance gear storage and safety

To wrap up, kayaks have become a renowned self-propelled watercraft in today’s world. Many individuals use kayaks for water exploration globally. Besides, with the invention of kayaks using many varieties of materials, individuals can also use them for diversified sporting activities.